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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Sierra Leone Geography

Sierra Leone    Geography Top of Page
Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia
Geographic coordinates: 8 30 N, 11 30 W
Map references: Africa
Area: total:  71,740 sq km

land:  71,620 sq km

water:  120 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina
Land boundaries: total:  958 km

border countries:  Guinea 652 km, Liberia 306 km
Coastline: 402 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea:  200 NM

continental shelf:  200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April)
Terrain: coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point:  Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m
Natural resources: diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite
Land use: arable land:  7%

permanent crops:  1%

permanent pastures:  31%

forests and woodland:  28%

other:  33% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 290 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to February); sandstorms, dust storms
Environment - current issues: rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleting natural resources; overfishing
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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