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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Sierra Leone People

Sierra Leone    People Top of Page
Population: 5,426,618 (July 2001 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years:  44.73% (male 1,190,207; female 1,237,326)

15-64 years:  52.12% (male 1,351,455; female 1,477,155)

65 years and over:  3.15% (male 84,364; female 86,111) (2001 est.)
Population growth rate: 3.61% (2001 est.)
Birth rate: 45.11 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Death rate: 19.19 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Net migration rate: 10.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)

note:  by the end of 1999 refugees from Sierra Leone are assumed to be returning
Sex ratio: at birth:  1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years:  0.96 male(s)/female

15-64 years:  0.91 male(s)/female

65 years and over:  0.98 male(s)/female

total population:  0.94 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 146.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population:  45.6 years

male:  42.69 years

female:  48.61 years (2001 est.)
Total fertility rate: 6.01 children born/woman (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 2.99% (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 68,000 (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 8,200 (1999 est.)
Nationality: noun:  Sierra Leonean(s)

adjective:  Sierra Leonean
Ethnic groups: 20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians
Religions: Muslim 60%, indigenous beliefs 30%, Christian 10%
Languages: English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
Literacy: definition:  age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic

total population:  31.4%

male:  45.4%

female:  18.2% (1995 est.)


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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