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Zambia Economy

Zambia    Economy Top of Page
Economy - overview: Despite progress in privatization and budgetary reform, Zambia's economy has a long way to go. Privatization of government-owned copper mines relieved the government from covering mammoth losses generated by the industry and greatly improved the chances for copper mining to return to profitability and spur economic growth. In late 2000, Zambia was determined to be eligible for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative. Inflation and unemployment rates remain high, but the GDP growth rate should rise in 2001.
GDP: purchasing power parity - $8.5 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 4% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $880 (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture:  18%

industry:  27%

services:  55% (1999 est.)
Population below poverty line: 86% (1993 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%:  1.6%

highest 10%:  39.2% (1995)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 27.3% (2000 est.)
Labor force: 3.4 million
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 85%, industry 6%, services 9%
Unemployment rate: 50% (2000 est.)
Budget: revenues:  $900 million

expenditures:  $1 billion, including capital expenditures of NA million (1999 est.)
Industries: copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer
Industrial production growth rate: 6.1% (2000 est.)
Electricity - production: 7.642 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel:  0.55%

hydro:  99.45%

nuclear:  0%

other:  0% (1999)
Electricity - consumption: 5.926 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports: 1.6 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports: 419 million kWh (1999)
Agriculture - products: corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca); cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides; coffee
Exports: $928 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Exports - commodities: copper, cobalt, electricity, tobacco
Exports - partners: Japan, Saudi Arabia, India, Thailand, South Africa, US, Malaysia (1997)
Imports: $1.05 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery, transportation equipment, fuels, petroleum products, electricity, fertilizer; foodstuffs, clothing
Imports - partners: South Africa 48%, Saudi Arabia, UK, Zimbabwe (1997)
Debt - external: $6.5 billion (2000)
Economic aid - recipient: $1.99 billion (1995)
Currency: Zambian kwacha (ZMK)
Currency code: ZMK
Exchange rates: Zambian kwacha per US dollar - 4,024.53 (January 2001), 3,110.84 (2000), 2,388.02 (1999), 1,862.07 (1998), 1,314.50 (1997), 1,207.90 (1996)
Fiscal year: calendar year


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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