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  South Korea Guide
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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

South Korea Geography




Korea, South    Geography Top of Page
Location: Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea
Geographic coordinates: 37 00 N, 127 30 E
Map references: Asia
Area: total:  98,480 sq km

land:  98,190 sq km

water:  290 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly larger than Indiana
Land boundaries: total:  238 km

border countries:  North Korea 238 km
Coastline: 2,413 km
Maritime claims: contiguous zone:  24 NM

continental shelf:  not specified

exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM; between 3 NM and 12 NM in the Korea Strait
Climate: temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter
Terrain: mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Sea of Japan 0 m

highest point:  Halla-san 1,950 m
Natural resources: coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential
Land use: arable land:  19%

permanent crops:  2%

permanent pastures:  1%

forests and woodland:  65%

other:  13% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 13,350 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common in southwest
Environment - current issues: air pollution in large cities; acid rain; water pollution from the discharge of sewage and industrial effluents; drift net fishing
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified:  Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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