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Dominican Republic Geography

Dominican Republic    Geography Top of Page
Location: Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti
Geographic coordinates: 19 00 N, 70 40 W
Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
Area: total:  48,730 sq km

land:  48,380 sq km

water:  350 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire
Land boundaries: total:  275 km

border countries:  Haiti 275 km
Coastline: 1,288 km
Maritime claims: contiguous zone:  24 NM

continental shelf:  200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  6 NM
Climate: tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall
Terrain: rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Lago Enriquillo -46 m

highest point:  Pico Duarte 3,175 m
Natural resources: nickel, bauxite, gold, silver
Land use: arable land:  21%

permanent crops:  9%

permanent pastures:  43%

forests and woodland:  12%

other:  15% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 2,300 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts
Environment - current issues: water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation; Hurricane Georges damage
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified:  Law of the Sea
Geography - note: shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti (eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic, western one-third is Haiti)


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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