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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Dominican Republic Geography, Climate, and Weather

The Dominican Republic occupies the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles, with Haiti occupying the western portion.
Situated in the heart of the region, between North and South America, the country is bathed by the Caribbean Sea on the south coast and the Atlantic Ocean to the north. With a land area of 48,442 square kilometers, it is larger than the Bahamas, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, all the Virgin Islands and the entire French West Indies put together.
The Dominican Republic is approximately the size of the state of Maryland. To the west are Jamaica and Cuba; Puerto Rico is east beyond the 112 kilometer Mona Passage; and the southern tip of Florida is about 1,000 kilometers away. The Dominican Republic shares a land frontier of 275 kms with Haiti.
A land of contrasts with towering mountains and rocky cliffs, rain forests, fertile valleys, cacti-studded desert regions, 1,600 kilometers of coastline and around 300 kilometers of prime soft sand beaches.
The country is crossed by four rugged mountain ranges bisecting northwest to southeast. The largest is the Cordillera Central with Pico Duarte, the tallest point in the Caribbean, rising over 3,175 meters high.
Three large fertile valleys rest between the ranges, one of which holds Lake Enriquillo in the southwest, the lowest point in the Caribbean falling 40 meters below sea level and the only salt water lake in the world inhabited by crocodiles.

The Dominican Republic enjoys a year round privileged tropical maritime climate. Its 17 36, - 19 58, latitude places the Dominican Republic at the border of the tropical zone. Sea breezes refresh the insular territory, evening out temperatures to average 23C in the early mornings to 32C at noon time year round.
The lowest temperatures occur in the mountain areas near Constanza, where temperatures have dropped to 0C, and record highs have been registered at the frontier with Haiti, 39C in the summer.
May through November are regarded as the rainy season. The hurricane season lasts from June through November, with August-September being the peak months. The last major hurricanes to hit the Dominican Republic were Georges (September 1998) and David (August 1979).


Acknowledgements: ASIATRAVELMART.COM

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