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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Bulgaria Geography, Climate, and Weather




Geography

Bulgaria, republic in southeastern Europe, known from 1946 to 1990 as the People's Republic of Bulgaria. Situated in the Balkan Peninsula, Bulgaria is bounded on the north by Romania, on the east by the Black Sea, on the south by Turkey and Greece, and on the west by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

Once an independent kingdom, Bulgaria was dominated by the Communist Party from 1946 until 1990, when a multiparty system was adopted.
During the Communist period, when Bulgaria was under the control of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), the once-dominant agricultural sector was overtaken by manufacturing. The capital and largest city is Sofia.


Climate
Most of Bulgaria has a continental climate, with cold winters and hot summers. The climate in general is more severe than in other European areas of the same latitudes, and the average annual temperature range is greater than that of neighboring countries. Severe droughts, frosts, winds, and hail storms frequently damage crops.
A Mediterranean climate, with dry summers and mild, humid winters, prevails in the valley of the southwestern Rhodope Mountains; the northern limit of the climatic zone is the Balkan Mountains.


 

Acknowledgements: ASIATRAVELMART.COM








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