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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Finland Geography, Climate, and Weather


Finland is situated in Scandinavia in the far north of Europe, bounded by Sweden, Norway, the Russian Federation and the Gulf of Finland. There are about 30,000 islands off the Finnish coast. Aproximately 10% of the total land area is under water, and 65% is forest. In the north of the country, the midnight sun shines night and day for the whole of June. In the south, daylight lasts for 19 hours at midsummer.

The Helsinki Metropolitan Area comprises four towns, including Helsinki (the capital). Half of the 800 sq km (300 sq miles) consists of parks, forests, shoreline, and lakes.

Because of the moderating influence of the surrounding water bodies, the climate of Finland is considerably less severe than might be expected. The average July temperature along the southern coast is 15.6 C (60 F); in February the average is about -8.9 C (about 16 F).

Precipitation (including snow and rain) averages about 460 mm (about 18 in) in the north and 710 mm (28 in) in the south. Light snow covers the ground for four or five months a year in the south and about seven months in the north.


Acknowledgements: ASIATRAVELMART.COM

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