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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Latvia Geography




Latvia    Geography Top of Page
Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania
Geographic coordinates: 57 00 N, 25 00 E
Map references: Europe
Area: total:  64,589 sq km

land:  64,589 sq km

water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia
Land boundaries: total:  1,150 km

border countries:  Belarus 141 km, Estonia 339 km, Lithuania 453 km, Russia 217 km
Coastline: 531 km
Maritime claims: continental shelf:  200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: maritime; wet, moderate winters
Terrain: low plain
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Baltic Sea 0 m

highest point:  Gaizinkalns 312 m
Natural resources: minimal; amber, peat, limestone, dolomite, hydropower, arable land
Land use: arable land:  27%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  13%

forests and woodland:  46%

other:  14% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 160 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: NA
Environment - current issues: air and water pollution because of a lack of waste conversion equipment; Gulf of Riga and Daugava River heavily polluted; contamination of soil and groundwater with chemicals and petroleum products at military bases
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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