Latvia is situated on the Baltic coast and borders Estonia in the
north, Lithuania in the south, the Russian Federation in the east
and Belarus in the southeast.
The coastal plain is mostly flat, but inland to the east the land
is hilly with forests and lakes. There are about 12,000 rivers in
Latvia, the biggest being the River Daugava. The ports of Riga and
Ventspils never freeze over during the winter.
Latvias climate is generally dominated by marine influences. More
continental conditions exist in the eastern portion of the republic.
Near the sea, summers are cool and winters are mild. Snow covers
the ground from two to more than four months of the year. Summers
are usually warm, with average daily temperatures exceeding 25°
C (exceeding 77° F).