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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

United Kingdom History and Culture


The Iberians, among Britain's earliest known inhabitants, mined tin in Cornwall, manufactured bronze tools, and enjoyed widespread trade with the European continent. They also left behind Europe's most spectacular example of megalithic engineering, Stonehenge, built between 3000 and 1000 BC.
Britons may have initially resented the occupation, but gradually accepted Roman civilization. Although Romans ruled southern Britain for more than 400 years, they never conquered the other tribes in the northern third of the island, a region they called Caledonia.
To defend from Caledonian invasions, in AD 122 the emperor Hadrian ordered that a wall be built between the Solway Firth and the Tyne River estuary, a distance of 119 kilometers (74 miles). Parts of Hadrian's Wall still stand.
The devastation of WWI, in which a third of all British men were killed, led to the emancipation of women, who were allowed to vote in 1918 and who now formed a significant part of the workforce. Ireland won independence in 1921 after a protracted war.
In 1931, Great Britain attempted to bolster its crumbling empire by creating the British Commonwealth of Nations, a federation of countries and dependencies ceremonially linked under the British Crown. The end of WWII sparked widespread nationalist movements in the colonies, most of which achieved independence by the 1960s.


Acknowledgements: ASIATRAVELMART.COM

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