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    Iran Transportation

    Iran    Transportation Top of Page
    Railways: total:  5,600 km

    broad gauge:  94 km 1.676-m gauge

    standard gauge:  5,506 km 1.435-m gauge (146 km electrified)

    note:  broad gauge track is employed at the borders with Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan which have broad-gauge rail systems (2001)
    Highways: total:  140,200 km

    paved:  49,440 km (including 470 km of expressways)

    unpaved:  90,760 km (1998 est.)
    Waterways: 904 km

    note:  the Shatt al Arab is usually navigable by maritime traffic for about 130 km; channel has been dredged to 3 m and is in use
    Pipelines: crude oil 5,900 km; petroleum products 3,900 km; natural gas 4,550 km
    Ports and harbors: Abadan (largely destroyed in fighting during 1980-88 war), Ahvaz, Bandar 'Abbas, Bandar-e Anzali, Bushehr, Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni, Bandar-e Lengeh, Bandar-e Mahshahr, Bandar-e Torkaman, Chabahar (Bandar Beheshti), Jazireh-ye Khark, Jazireh-ye Lavan, Jazireh-ye Sirri, Khorramshahr (limited operation since November 1992), Now Shahr
    Merchant marine: total:  152 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,097,977 GRT/7,131,688 DWT

    ships by type:  bulk 49, cargo 38, chemical tanker 4, combination bulk 1, container 10, liquefied gas 1, multi-functional large-load carrier 6, petroleum tanker 32, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 9, short-sea passenger 1

    note:  includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Singapore 1 (2000 est.)
    Airports: 317 (2000 est.)
    Airports - with paved runways: total:  117

    over 3,047 m:  38

    2,438 to 3,047 m:  23

    1,524 to 2,437 m:  25

    914 to 1,523 m:  24

    under 914 m:  7 (2000 est.)
    Airports - with unpaved runways: total:  200

    over 3,047 m:  2

    2,438 to 3,047 m:  3

    1,524 to 2,437 m:  13

    914 to 1,523 m:  122

    under 914 m:  60 (2000 est.)
    Heliports: 11 (2000 est.)


    Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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