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    Israel Geography

    Israel    Geography Top of Page
    Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon
    Geographic coordinates: 31 30 N, 34 45 E
    Map references: Middle East
    Area: total:  20,770 sq km

    land:  20,330 sq km

    water:  440 sq km
    Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey
    Land boundaries: total:  1,006 km

    border countries:  Egypt 255 km, Gaza Strip 51 km, Jordan 238 km, Lebanon 79 km, Syria 76 km, West Bank 307 km
    Coastline: 273 km
    Maritime claims: continental shelf:  to depth of exploitation

    territorial sea:  12 NM
    Climate: temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas
    Terrain: Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley
    Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Dead Sea -408 m

    highest point:  Har Meron 1,208 m
    Natural resources: timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand, oil
    Land use: arable land:  17%

    permanent crops:  4%

    permanent pastures:  7%

    forests and woodland:  6%

    other:  66% (1993 est.)
    Irrigated land: 1,800 sq km (1993 est.)
    Natural hazards: sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts
    Environment - current issues: limited arable land and natural fresh water resources pose serious constraints; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides
    Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

    signed, but not ratified:  Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation
    Geography - note: there are 231 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the West Bank, 42 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, 25 in the Gaza Strip, and 29 in East Jerusalem (August 2000 est.)


    Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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