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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Lebanon Geography




Lebanon    Geography Top of Page
Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria
Geographic coordinates: 33 50 N, 35 50 E
Map references: Middle East
Area: total:  10,400 sq km

land:  10,230 sq km

water:  170 sq km
Area - comparative: about 0.7 times the size of Connecticut
Land boundaries: total:  454 km

border countries:  Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km
Coastline: 225 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows
Terrain: narrow coastal plain; Al Biqa' (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Mediterranean Sea 0 m

highest point:  Qurnat as Sawda' 3,088 m
Natural resources: limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land
Land use: arable land:  18%

permanent crops:  9%

permanent pastures:  1%

forests and woodland:  8%

other:  64% (1996 est.)
Irrigated land: 860 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: dust storms, sandstorms
Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Beirut from vehicular traffic and the burning of industrial wastes; pollution of coastal waters from raw sewage and oil spills
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
Geography - note: Nahr al Litani only major river in Near East not crossing an international boundary; rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on religion, clan, and ethnicity

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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