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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Lebanon Geography, Climate, and Weather

Lebanon is a small country of only 10,452 sq km, from north to south it extends 217 km and from east to west it spans 80 km at its widest point. The country is bounded by Syria on both the north and east and by Israel on the south.
Lebanon's landforms fall into four parallel belts that run from northeast to southwest: a narrow coastal plain along the Mediterranean shore. The country's name comes from the old Semitic word laban, meaning "white," which refers to the heavy snow in the mountains.

Most of Lebanon has a Mediterranean climate, with warm, dry summers, and cool, wet winters, although the climate varies somewhat across the landform belts.
The coastal plain is subtropical, with 900 mm (35 in) of annual rainfall and a mean temperature in Beirut of 27 C (80 F) in summer and 14 C (57 F) in winter.

In the Lebanon Mountains, temperatures decrease and precipitation increases with elevation. Heavy winter snows linger well into summer, making the Lebanon Mountains more pleasant in the summer than the humid coast, higher altitudes receive as much as 1,275 mm (50 in) of annual precipitation.
The Bekaa Valley and the Anti-Lebanon Mountains are situated in the rain shadow of the Lebanon Mountains and as a result have hot, dry summers and cold winters with occasional rain.


Acknowledgements: ASIATRAVELMART.COM

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