Some say that Turkey is the bridge between Europe and Asia. The
Republic of Turkey, located in southeastern Europe and southwestern
Asia, is bordered on the north by Bulgaria, Greece; Georgia, Armenia,
and the Black Sea.
It has Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Naxηivaneast
for company on the east and is neighbours with Iraq, Syria, and
the Mediterranean Sea at its south and the Aegean Sea to its west.
The total area of Turkey is 779,452 sq km (300,948 sq mi). The capital
is Ankara; Istanbul is the largest city.
The Mediterranean and Aegean shores of Turkey experience long, hot
summers and mild, rainy winters. Istanbul, located on the Bosporus,
has an average January temperature of 0° C (32° F), while the July
average is 23° C (73° F).
Precipitation averages about 697 mm (about 27.4 in) annually, and
is heaviest between October and March.