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Australia Introduction

       Australia is the only country that is also a continent. In area, it ranks as the sixth largest country and smallest continent. Australia lies between the South Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean.

         The part of the Indian Ocean south of Australia is called the Southern Ocean in the country. Australia is about 11,000 kilometres southwest of North America and about 3,000 kilometres southeast of mainland Asia.

          Australia is often referred to as being "down under" because it lies entirely within the Southern Hemisphere. The name Australia comes from the Latin word australis, meaning southern. The country's official name is the Commonwealth of Australia.

A Short Background

Australia became a commonwealth of the British Empire in 1901. It was able to take advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop its agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II.

Long-term concerns include pollution, particularly depletion of the ozone layer, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef. A referendum to change Australia's status, from a commonwealth headed by the British monarch to an independent republic, was defeated in 1999.

1UpTravel's Guide to Australia

Topography of Australia - Read more about the geography and topography of Australia

History of Australia - Presents a detailed historical background and culture of Australia

Life & People of Australia - Study the characteristics, background, and details on the people of Australia

Local Cuisine of Australia - Find out delicious local cuisines of Australia

Holidays in Australia - Check out a list of the local holidays in Australia

Festivals in Australia - Learn about the festivals in Australia

Embassies of Australia - Provides an Embassy database for Australia

Administration facts of Australia - Learn about the governmental administration facts of Australia

Newstands in Australia - Browse through a collection of local online newspapers of Australia

Attractions in Australia - Discover the best places to visit, sight seeing, and tourist attractions in Australia

Maps of Australia - Discover a detailed map of Australia

Map Database of Australia - Browse a large collection of city, country, historical, political, thematic, and shaded relief maps of Australia

Flags of Australia - Uncover the flag images and description of the flag of Australia. Includes historical flags, symbols, and related information

Weather for cities of Australia - Browse weather forecast, hourly conditions, temperature, sunrise, sunset, and other weather related reports for the cities of Australia

Shopping in Australia - Find out the best places for shopping in Australia

Restaurants in Australia - Browse a list of eat-outs in Australia

Geography of Australia - Highlights the location, map references, area, land boundaries, climate, natural resources, land use, natural hazards, environment, and geography of Australia

People of Australia - Learn about the population, age structure, birth and death rate, sex ratio, nationality, ethnic groups, religions, languages, and literacy in Australia

Government and Politics in Australia - Profiles the country name, government type, administrative divisions, independence, national holiday, constitution, legal system, suffrage, executive, legislative, and judicial branches, political parties and leaders, and a flag description of Australia.

Economy of Australia - Study the GDP, growth rate, per capita, inflation, labor, budget, industries, exports, imports, currency, exchange rates, and economy of Australia

Communications in Australia - Browse statistics on telephones, mobile and cellular lines in use, radio broadcast stations, televisions, internet country code, ISP's, internet users, and facts on communications in Australia

Transportation in Australia - Offers statistical details on the railways, highways, waterways, ports & harbors, airports, and other facts on transportation in Australia

Military of Australia - Provides statistics on military branches, army, air force, navy, manpower, military service, expenditure, and facts on military in Australia

Transnational Issues of Australia - Explore international disputes and transnational issues of Australia


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