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Marshall Islands Government




Marshall Islands    Government Top of Page
Country name: conventional long form:  Republic of the Marshall Islands

conventional short form:  Marshall Islands

former:  Marshall Islands District (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)
Government type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 21 October 1986
Capital: Majuro
Administrative divisions: 33 municipalities; Ailinginae, Ailinglaplap, Ailuk, Arno, Aur, Bikar, Bikini, Bokak, Ebon, Enewetak, Erikub, Jabat, Jaluit, Jemo, Kili, Kwajalein, Lae, Lib, Likiep, Majuro, Maloelap, Mejit, Mili, Namorik, Namu, Rongelap, Rongrik, Toke, Ujae, Ujelang, Utirik, Wotho, Wotje
Independence: 21 October 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)
National holiday: Constitution Day, 1 May (1979)
Constitution: 1 May 1979
Legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state:  President Kessai Hesa NOTE (since 3 January 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government:  President Kessai Hesa NOTE (since 3 January 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet:  Cabinet selected by the president from among the members of Parliament

elections:  president elected by Parliament from among its own members for a four-year term; election last held 15 November 1999 (next to be held NA November 2003)

election results:  Kessai Hesa NOTE elected president; percent of Parliament vote - 100%
Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Nitijela (33 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections:  last held 15 November 1999 (next to be held NA November 2003)

election results:  percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA

note:  the Council of Chiefs is a 12-member body that advises on matters affecting customary law and practice
Judicial branch: Supreme Court; High Court
Political parties and leaders: traditionally there have been no formally organized political parties; what has existed more closely resembles factions or interest groups because they do not have party headquarters, formal platforms, or party structures; the following two "groupings" have competed in legislative balloting in recent years - Kabua Party [Imata KABUA] and United Democratic Party or UDP [Litokwa TOMEING]
Political pressure groups and leaders: NA
International organization participation: ACP, AsDB, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission:  Ambassador Banny DE BRUM

chancery:  2433 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone:  [1] (202) 234-5414

FAX:  [1] (202) 232-3236

consulate(s) general:  Honolulu
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission:  Ambassador Joan M. PLAISTED

embassy:  Oceanside, Mejen Weto, Long Island, Majuro

mailing address:  P. O. Box 1379, Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands 96960-1379

telephone:  [692] 247-4011

FAX:  [692] 247-4012
Flag description: blue with two stripes radiating from the lower hoist-side corner - orange (top) and white; there is a white star with four large rays and 20 small rays on the hoist side above the two stripes

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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