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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Brazil History and Culture


Brazil is the only Latin American nation that derives its language and culture from Portugal. The native inhabitants mostly consisted of the nomadic Tupν-Guaranν Indians. Portugal began colonization in 1532 and made the area a royal colony in 1549.

During the Napoleonic Wars, King Joao VI, fearing the advancing French armies, fled the country in 1808 and set up his court in Rio de Janeiro. Joao was drawn home in 1820 by a revolution, leaving his son as regent.
When Portugal sought to reduce Brazil again to colonial status, the prince declared Brazil's independence on Sept. 7, 1822, and became Pedro I, emperor of Brazil.

Brazilian culture has been shaped not only by the Portuguese, who gave the country its religion and language, but also by the country's native Indians, the considerable African population, and other settlers from Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Historically Brazilian society has been patriarchal, with a strong tradition of male social dominance.
This has weakened with immigration, urbanization, and the decline of the rural sector. Also, independence for women has grown under the influence of feminism and the expansion of urban employment opportunities for women. The family is still a crucial social unit, and there is some survival, even in the cities, of parentela, a kind of kinship system.
This extended network involves close family and distant relatives, godparents and godchildren, and even family servants. Such linkages are generally stronger among the middle and upper classes.


Acknowledgements: ASIATRAVELMART.COM

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