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1UpTravel - Geography Info and Facts of Countries : . - Malta


Malta Geography and Facts

Location: Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)

Geographic coordinates: 35 50 N, 14 35 E

Map references: Europe

Area:
total: 316 sq km
land: 316 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 140 km

Maritime claims:
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers

Terrain: mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)

Natural resources: limestone, salt, arable land

Land use:
arable land: 38%
permanent crops: 3%
permanent pastures: 0%
forests and woodland: 0%
other: 59% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: NA

Environment - current issues: very limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

Geography - note: the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors


Geography

Malta, independent republic in the Commonwealth of Nations, consisting of a small group of islands-Malta, Gozo, Kemmuna, Kemmunett, and Filfla-located in the Mediterranean Sea south of Sicily.

The area of the largest island, Malta, is 246 sq km (95 sq mi), of Gozo, 67 sq km (26 sq mi), and of Kemmuna, 3 sq km (1 sq mi). The combined area of Kemmunett and Filfla is 0.3 sq km (0.12 sq mi). The total area is 316 sq km (122 sq mi).


Climate

Warm most of the year. The hottest months are between July and September, but the heat is tempered by cooling sea breezes.

Rain falls for very short periods, mainly in the cooler winter months.


Background:
Malta is an island country near the centre of the Mediterranean Sea, about 95 kilometres south of Sicily. It is an archipelago (group of islands).

It contains three inhabited islands viz Malta, Gozo, and Comino, and three uninhabited islets viz Cominotto, Filfla, and Selmunett (St. Paul's Isle).

Malta is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Low hills with slopes cut by terraced fields make much of Malta resemble a series of giant steps.

The balmy Mediterranean climate attracts many visitors. Tourists also come to Malta to see the remains of some of the world's oldest Neolithic temples, as well as some of the world's finest examples of Baroque and Renaissance art and architecture .

Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964.

A decade later Malta became a republic. Over the last 15 years, the island has become a major freight transshipment point, financial center, and tourist destination. It is an official candidate for EU membership.


Malta is an island country near the centre of the Mediterranean Sea, about 95 kilometres south of Sicily. It is an archipelago (group of islands). It contains three inhabited islands viz Malta, Gozo, and Comino, and three uninhabited islets viz Cominotto, Filfla, and Selmunett (St. Paul's Isle).

Malta is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Low hills with slopes cut by terraced fields make much of Malta resemble a series of giant steps. The balmy Mediterranean climate attracts many visitors.

Tourists also come to Malta to see the remains of some of the world's oldest Neolithic temples, as well as some of the world's finest examples of Baroque and Renaissance art and architecture. Malta was once a British crown colony. In 1964, Malta became an independent country.



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