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1UpTravel - Geography Info and Facts of Countries : . - Trinidad and Tobago


Trinidad and Tobago Geography and Facts

Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela

Geographic coordinates: 11 00 N, 61 00 W

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 5,128 sq km
land: 5,128 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Delaware

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 362 km

Maritime claims:
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; rainy season (June to December)

Terrain: mostly plains with some hills and low mountains

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: El Cerro del Aripo 940 m

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, asphalt

Land use:
arable land: 15%
permanent crops: 9%
permanent pastures: 2%
forests and woodland: 46%
other: 28% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 220 sq km (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms

Environment - current issues: water pollution from agricultural chemicals, industrial wastes, and raw sewage; oil pollution of beaches; deforestation; soil erosion

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements


Geography
Trinidad and Tobago, republic within the Commonwealth of Nations, compromises the southernmost of the Caribbean islands, namely, Trinidad and Tobago and adjacent islets situated off the coast of Venezuela.

Trinidad is situated north of and opposite the mouth of the Orinoco River and is separated from the South American coast by the Gulf of Paria. Tobago is 32 km (20 mi) northeast of Trinidad.

The area of Trinidad is 4,828 sq km (1,864 sq mi); the area of Tobago is 300 sq km (120 sq mi); and the total area of the country is 5,128 sq km (1,980 sq mi).


Climate
The tropical climate is tempered by northeast trade winds. The dry season is from November to May, but it is hottest between June and October.

The climate in Tobago is pleasant most of the year and although May, June and July can be wet at times, the differentiation between the wet and dry seasons is much less.


Trinidad and Tobago is an independent country in the West Indies. The territory consists of two main islands--Trinidad and Tobago--and 21 smaller islands.

It is located in the southeastern Caribbean Sea at the southern end of the Lesser Antilles chain of islands. Trinidad, the larger of the two main islands, lies with its southwestern tip only 11 kilometres from the coast of Venezuela.

Tobago lies 32 kilometres northeast of Trinidad.



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