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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Trinidad & Tobago Geography

Trinidad and Tobago    Geography Top of Page
Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela
Geographic coordinates: 11 00 N, 61 00 W
Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
Area: total:  5,128 sq km

land:  5,128 sq km

water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Delaware
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 362 km
Maritime claims: contiguous zone:  24 NM

continental shelf:  200 NM or to the outer edge of the continental margin

exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical; rainy season (June to December)
Terrain: mostly plains with some hills and low mountains
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point:  El Cerro del Aripo 940 m
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, asphalt
Land use: arable land:  15%

permanent crops:  9%

permanent pastures:  2%

forests and woodland:  46%

other:  28% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 220 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms
Environment - current issues: water pollution from agricultural chemicals, industrial wastes, and raw sewage; oil pollution of beaches; deforestation; soil erosion
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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