Trinidad and Tobago, republic within the Commonwealth of Nations,
compromises the southernmost of the Caribbean islands, namely, Trinidad
and Tobago and adjacent islets situated off the coast of Venezuela.
Trinidad is situated north of and opposite the mouth of the Orinoco
River and is separated from the South American coast by the Gulf
of Paria. Tobago is 32 km (20 mi) northeast of Trinidad.
The area of Trinidad is 4,828 sq km (1,864 sq mi); the area of Tobago
is 300 sq km (120 sq mi); and the total area of the country is 5,128
sq km (1,980 sq mi).
The tropical climate is tempered by northeast trade winds. The dry
season is from November to May, but it is hottest between June and
The climate in Tobago is pleasant most of the year and although
May, June and July can be wet at times, the differentiation between
the wet and dry seasons is much less.