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Sao Tome & Principe Geography

Sao Tome and Principe    Geography Top of Page
Location: Western Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon
Geographic coordinates: 1 00 N, 7 00 E
Map references: Africa
Area: total:  1,001 sq km

land:  1,001 sq km

water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: more than five times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 209 km
Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)
Terrain: volcanic, mountainous
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point:  Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m
Natural resources: fish, hydropower
Land use: arable land:  2%

permanent crops:  36%

permanent pastures:  1%

forests and woodland:  0%

other:  61% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 100 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: NA
Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

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