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  • Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

    Albania Geography




    Albania    Geography Top of Page
    Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
    Geographic coordinates: 41 00 N, 20 00 E
    Map references: Europe
    Area: total:  28,748 sq km

    land:  27,398 sq km

    water:  1,350 sq km
    Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland
    Land boundaries: total:  720 km

    border countries:  Greece 282 km, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 151 km, Yugoslavia 287 km
    Coastline: 362 km
    Maritime claims: continental shelf:  200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

    territorial sea:  12 NM
    Climate: mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter
    Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast
    Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Adriatic Sea 0 m

    highest point:  Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,753 m
    Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, timber, nickel, hydropower
    Land use: arable land:  21%

    permanent crops:  5%

    permanent pastures:  15%

    forests and woodland:  38%

    other:  21% (1993 est.)
    Irrigated land: 3,410 sq km (1993 est.)
    Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast; drought
    Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domestic effluents
    Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

    signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note: strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea)

     

    Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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