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    Albania Government




    Albania    Government Top of Page
    Country name: conventional long form:  Republic of Albania

    conventional short form:  Albania

    local long form:  Republika e Shqiperise

    local short form:  Shqiperia

    former:  People's Socialist Republic of Albania
    Government type: emerging democracy
    Capital: Tirana
    Administrative divisions: 36 districts (rrethe, singular - rreth) and 1 municipality* (bashki); Berat, Bulqize, Delvine, Devoll (Bilisht), Diber (Peshkopi), Durres, Elbasan, Fier, Gjirokaster, Gramsh, Has (Krume), Kavaje, Kolonje (Erseke), Korce, Kruje, Kucove, Kukes, Kurbin, Lezhe, Librazhd, Lushnje, Malesi e Madhe (Koplik), Mallakaster (Ballsh), Mat (Burrel), Mirdite (Rreshen), Peqin, Permet, Pogradec, Puke, Sarande, Shkoder, Skrapar (Corovode), Tepelene, Tirane (Tirana), Tirane* (Tirana), Tropoje (Bajram Curri), Vlore

    note:  administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)
    Independence: 28 November 1912 (from Ottoman Empire)
    National holiday: Independence Day, 28 November (1912)
    Constitution: a new constitution was adopted by popular referendum on 28 November 1998; note - the opposition Democratic Party boycotted the vote
    Legal system: has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
    Executive branch: chief of state:  President of the Republic Rexhep MEIDANI (since 24 July 1997)

    head of government:  Prime Minister Ilir META (since 29 October 1999)

    cabinet:  Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and approved by the president

    elections:  president elected by the People's Assembly for a five-year term; election last held 24 July 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); prime minister appointed by the president

    election results:  Rexhep MEIDANI elected president; People's Assembly vote by number - total votes 122, for 110, against 3, abstained 2, invalid 7
    Legislative branch: unicameral People's Assembly or Kuvendi Popullor (155 seats; most members are elected by direct popular vote and some by proportional vote for four-year terms)

    elections:  last held 29 June 1997 (next held 24 June 2001, 2nd round 8 July 2001)

    election results:  percent of vote by party - PS 53.36%, PD 25.33%, PSD 2.5%, PBDNJ 2.78%, PBK 2.36%, PAD 2.85%, PR 2.25%, PLL 3.09%, PDK 1.00%, PBSD 0.84%; seats by party - PS 101, PD 27, PSD 8, PBDNJ 4, PBK 3, PAD 2, PR 2, PLL 2, PDK 1, PBSD 1, PUK 1, independents 3
    Judicial branch: Supreme Court (chairman is elected by the People's Assembly for a four-year term)
    Political parties and leaders: Albanian National Front (Balli Kombetar) or PBK [Abaz ERMENJI]; Albanian Republican Party or PR [Fatmir MEDIU]; Albanian Socialist Party or PS (formerly the Albania Workers Party) [Fatos NANO, chairman]; Christian Democratic Party or PDK [Zef BUSHATI]; Democratic Alliance or PAD [Neritan CEKA]; Democratic Party or PD [Sali BERISHA]; Group of Reformist Democrats [Leonard NDOKA]; Liberal Union Party [Teodor LACO]; note - Teodor LACO of the Liberal Union Party was leader of the Social Democratic Union of Albania or PBSD; Movement of Legality Party or PLL [Nderim KUPI]; OMONIA [Vagjelis DULES]; Party of National Unity or PUK [Idajet BEQUIRI]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Skender GJINUSHI]; Unity for Human Rights Party or PBDNJ [Vasil MELO, chairman]
    Political pressure groups and leaders: NA
    International organization participation: ACCT (associate), BSEC, CCC, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOMIG, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
    Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission:  Ambassador Petrit BUSHATI

    chancery:  2100 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

    telephone:  [1] (202) 223-4942

    FAX:  [1] (202) 628-7342
    Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission:  Ambassador Joseph LIMPRECHT

    embassy:  Rruga Elbasanit Labinoti 103, Tirana

    mailing address:  PSC 59, Box 100(A), APO AE 09624

    telephone:  [355] (42) 32875, 33520

    FAX:  [355] (42) 32222
    Flag description: red with a black two-headed eagle in the center

     

    Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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