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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Netherlands Geography




Netherlands    Geography Top of Page
Location: Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany
Geographic coordinates: 52 30 N, 5 45 E
Map references: Europe
Area: total:  41,526 sq km

land:  33,883 sq km

water:  7,643 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey
Land boundaries: total:  1,027 km

border countries:  Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km
Coastline: 451 km
Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Terrain: mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Prins Alexanderpolder -7 m

highest point:  Vaalserberg 321 m
Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, arable land
Land use: arable land:  25%

permanent crops:  3%

permanent pastures:  25%

forests and woodland:  8%

other:  39% (1996 est.)
Irrigated land: 6,000 sq km (1996 est.)
Natural hazards: flooding
Environment - current issues: water pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified:  Biodiversity, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Geography - note: located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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