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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Ecuador Geography




Ecuador    Geography Top of Page
Location: Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru
Geographic coordinates: 2 00 S, 77 30 W
Map references: South America
Area: total:  283,560 sq km

land:  276,840 sq km

water:  6,720 sq km

note:  includes Galapagos Islands
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Nevada
Land boundaries: total:  2,010 km

border countries:  Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km
Coastline: 2,237 km
Maritime claims: continental shelf:  claims continental shelf between mainland and Galapagos Islands

territorial sea:  200 NM
Climate: tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands
Terrain: coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:  Chimborazo 6,267 m
Natural resources: petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower
Land use: arable land:  6%

permanent crops:  5%

permanent pastures:  18%

forests and woodland:  56%

other:  15% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 5,560 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; periodic droughts
Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution; pollution from oil production wastes
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements
Geography - note: Cotopaxi in Andes is highest active volcano in world

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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