You are here >1uptravel > International > South America > Ecuador



 At a Glance



  History & Culture








 Worth a Visit !!



  Maps & Cities


  Eating Out



  Travel Links

 Country Facts









  Transnational issues


  Ecuador Guide
  Ecuador Maps
  Ecuador Hotels
  Ecuador Flag
  More Ecuador Flags
  Ecuador Geography
  Ecuador Travel Warning

Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Ecuador Geography

Ecuador    Geography Top of Page
Location: Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru
Geographic coordinates: 2 00 S, 77 30 W
Map references: South America
Area: total:  283,560 sq km

land:  276,840 sq km

water:  6,720 sq km

note:  includes Galapagos Islands
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Nevada
Land boundaries: total:  2,010 km

border countries:  Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km
Coastline: 2,237 km
Maritime claims: continental shelf:  claims continental shelf between mainland and Galapagos Islands

territorial sea:  200 NM
Climate: tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands
Terrain: coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:  Chimborazo 6,267 m
Natural resources: petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower
Land use: arable land:  6%

permanent crops:  5%

permanent pastures:  18%

forests and woodland:  56%

other:  15% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 5,560 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; periodic droughts
Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution; pollution from oil production wastes
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements
Geography - note: Cotopaxi in Andes is highest active volcano in world


Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook

Make 1Up Travel your HomepageSend this Page to a FriendGo to Top of PagePrint this PageAdd 1Up Travel to your Favorites


Compare Country Info Hotel Directory Geography Flags World Maps Travel Warnings National Parks


Asia Africa Caribbean Middle East North America South America Central America Oceania Pacific Europe Polar Regions


Destinations Monuments Ancient Wonders Modern Wonders Natural Wonders


World Time ISD Codes Travel Links Link Exchange


Disclaimer: Although we've tried to make the information on this web site as accurate as possible, we accept no responsibility for any loss, injury or inconvenience sustained by any person resulting from information published on this site. We encourage you to verify any critical information with the relevant authorities before you travel.

Copyright 1Up Travel All Rights Reserved.
Go Up

Privacy Policy