Approximately 80 percent of the population of Ecuador is composed
of Native Americans and mestizos (persons of mixed Native American
and European ancestry); the remainder is equally divided between
Europeans (chiefly of Spanish descent) and blacks. The population
is 60 percent urban.
The official and most widely used language in Ecuador is Spanish.
Many rural Native Americans speak Quechua, the original language
of the Inca people.
More than 90% are nominally Roman Catholic.