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1UpTravel - Geography Info and Facts of Countries : . - Vanuatu

Vanuatu Geography and Facts

Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia

Geographic coordinates: 16 00 S, 167 00 E

Map references: Oceania

total: 14,760 sq km
land: 14,760 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes more than 80 islands

Area - comparative: slightly larger than Connecticut

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 2,528 km

Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds

Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Tabwemasana 1,877 m

Natural resources: manganese, hardwood forests, fish

Land use:
arable land: 2%
permanent crops: 10%
permanent pastures: 2%
forests and woodland: 75%
other: 11% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA sq km

Natural hazards: tropical cyclones or typhoons (January to April); volcanism causes minor earthquakes

Environment - current issues: a majority of the population does not have access to a potable and reliable supply of water; deforestation

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Vanuatu, an independent republic consisting of more than 80 islands in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, located about 5,600 km southwest of Hawaii and about 2,400 km northeast of Australia.

The capital and largest city is Port-Vila, located on the island of Efate. Vanuatu consists of 80 islands located in a Y-shaped archipelago, 1,300 miles northeast of Sydney, Australia.

It is an independent parliamentary democracy and a member of the British Commonwealth, with a primarily agricultural economy.

The climate is subtropical. Trade winds occur from May to October. Warm, humid and wet between November and April. Rain is moderate. Cyclones are possible between December and April.

Vanuatu is an island country in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Vanuatu consists of 80 islands with a total land area of about 12,200 square kilometres.

The largest islands are, in order of size, Espiritu Santo, Malakula, Efate, Erromango, and Tanna. Vanuatu has a population of about 173,000. Port-Vila (pop. 15,000)--on Efate--is the nation's capital and largest urban community.

The national anthem is "Yumi, Yumi, Yumi" ("We, We, We"). From 1906 to 1980, the United Kingdom and France jointly governed the islands, which were then called the New Hebrides.

In 1980, the islands became the independent nation of Vanuatu.

The British and French who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980.

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