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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Bhutan Life



People
         The population of Bhutan is estimated at 600,000. Thimphu in Western Bhutan is the capital with an estimated population of 30,000 - 40,000 people.
        The other main urban settlements are Gelephu, Phuntsholing and Samdrup Jongkhar, located at the south. Towns are developing in all the 20 dzongkhag (districts) headquarters.
         Bhutan is one of the least populated countries in South Asia. Most of the population is concentrated in the valleys, while large areas at higher altitudes in the north of the country are virtually empty except for nomadic herders

Language:
        Dzongkha is the official language. A large number of dialects are widely spoken, due to the physical isolation of many villages. Sharchop Kha, from eastern Bhutan, is the most widely spoken. Nepali is common in the south of the country. English has been the language of educational instruction since 1964 and is widely spoken.

Religion:
       Bhutan is the only country in the world to retain the Tantric form of Mahayana Buddhism as its official religion. Mahayana Buddhism was the state religion, and Buddhists comprised about 70 percent of the population in the early 1990s. Although originating from Tibetan Buddhism, Bhutanese Buddhism differs significantly in its rituals, liturgy, and monastic organization.
       The Buddhist faith continues as a fundamental role in the cultural, ethical and sociological development of Bhutan and its people. It permeates all strands of secular life, bringing with it a reverence for the land and its well being.
       The minority religion of Bhutan is Hinduism, whose adherents (those of Nepalese origin) officially constitute 28 percent of the population. An even smaller religious minority about 5 percent of the population in 1989 practice Islam.


 

Acknowledgements: ASIATRAVELMART.COM








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