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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Bhutan Geography, Climate, and Weather




Geography
      Bhutan is a landlocked country. It is about 47,000 kilometres - roughly the size of Switzerland. It is located between Tibet in the north, Indian states of West Bengal and Assam in the south, and Arunachal Pradesh in the east.
       Bhutan has three major land regions. The Great Himalayan region in the north rises more than 4300 m (14,000 ft) along the Tibetan border. This area is uninhabited except for a few scattered settlements in the high valleys. The Great Himalayas radiate southward into central Bhutan, creating the Middle Himalayan zone.
       The Middle Himalayas enclose fertile valleys that have moderate rainfall and a temperate climate; they are well populated and cultivated. South of the Middle Himalayan valleys and foothills lies a large plain called the Duars. The northern part of the Duars, including the foothills, is home to deer, lion, leopards and the rare golden monkey as well as much tropical vegetation including many species of wild orchids.
       The southern section of the Duars was once covered with dense savanna and bamboo jungle, but has been largely cleared for rice cultivation. Bhutan is a land of soaring snowcapped peaks, alpine meadows and densely forested hills and ravines abounding in exotic flora and fauna.
       From May to August, hills are covered with an awesome variety of flowers decorated with waterfalls and streams gushing in wild abandon.

Climate
       Varies with altitude. Days are normally warm. Nights can be quite chilly. Dry spring starts in early March and lasts until mid-April. Summer weather commences in mid-April with occasional showers and continues through the premonsoon rains of late June.
       The summer monsoon lasts from late June through late September with heavy rains from the southwest. The monsoon weather, blocked from its northward progress by the Himalayas, brings heavy rains, high humidity, flash floods and landslides, and numerous misty, overcast days.
       Autumn, from late September or early October to late November, follows the rainy season. From late November until March, winter sets in, temperature is below freezing point.


 

Acknowledgements: ASIATRAVELMART.COM








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