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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Maldives Geography




Maldives    Geography Top of Page
Location: Southern Asia, group of atolls in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India
Geographic coordinates: 3 15 N, 73 00 E
Map references: Asia
Area: total:  300 sq km

land:  300 sq km

water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: about 1.7 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 644 km
Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

contiguous zone:  24 NM

exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast monsoon (November to March); rainy, southwest monsoon (June to August)
Terrain: flat, with white sandy beaches
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point:  unnamed location on Wilingili island in the Addu Atoll 2.4 m
Natural resources: fish
Land use: arable land:  10%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  3%

forests and woodland:  3%

other:  84% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: NA sq km
Natural hazards: low level of islands makes them very sensitive to sea level rise
Environment - current issues: depletion of freshwater aquifers threatens water supplies; global warming and sea level rise; coral reef bleaching
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements
Geography - note: 1,190 coral islands grouped into 26 atolls (200 inhabited islands, plus 80 islands with tourist resorts); archipelago of strategic location astride and along major sea lanes in Indian Ocean

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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