Pakistan, officially Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is bounded on
the north and northwest by Afghanistan, on the northeast by Jammu
and Kashmir, on the east and southeast by India, on the south by
the Arabian Sea, and on the west by Iran.
The status of Jammu and Kashmir is a matter of dispute between India
and Pakistan. Until December 1971 Pakistan included the province
of East Pakistan; at that time, however, East Pakistan seceded from
Pakistan and assumed the name Bangladesh.
The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad, the largest city of the country
Pakistan has three seasons: winter (November-March) is warm and
cooled by sea breezes on the coast; summer (April-July) has extreme
temperatures and the monsoon season (July-September) has the highest
rainfall on the hills. Karachi has little rain.
The best time to visit southern Pakistan is between
November and March, when the days are cool and clear. The best time
to visit northern Pakistan is from April to October.