The territory that is now Romania first appeared in history as Dacia.
Most of its inhabitants were originally from the region of Thrace,
in Greece; they were called Getae by the Greeks, and later, by the
Romans, they were known as Dacians.
Between 101 and 106 AD Dacia was conquered by the Roman emperor
Trajan and incorporated into the Roman Empire as a province.
Roman colonists were sent into Dacia, and Rome developed the region
considerably, building roads, bridges, and a great wall that stretched
from what is today the Black Sea port of Constanta across the region
of Dobruja to the Danube River.
Romanian culture is largely derived from the Roman, with strains
of Slavic, Magyar (Hungarian), Greek, and Turkish influence. Poems,
folktales, and folk music have always held a central place in Romanian
Romanian literature, art, and music attained maturity in the 19th
century. Although Romania has been influenced by divergent Western
trends, it also has a rich native culture.