At the 1992 census, Romania had a population of 22,760,449. The
1998 estimated population is 22,395,848, yielding an average population
density of 94 persons per sq km (244 per sq mi). The population
is 57 percent urban.
Romania's official language is Romanian, a Romance language derived
mainly from Latin. Minority languages include Hungarian, German,
Turkish, Serbo-Croatian, and Romani (the language of the Roma).
English and French are taught in many schools and are the most common
second languages spoken in Romania.
The principal religion of Romania is Christianity. The Romanian
Orthodox Church is the largest religious organization in the country,
claiming 87 percent of the people as adherents.
Approximately 5 percent of inhabitants (including much of the Hungarian
population) belong to the Roman Catholic Church. The country also
contains Protestant churches of various denominations and significant
numbers of Muslims and Jews.