Romania is situated in Central Europe, in the northern part of the
Balkan peninsula and its territory is marked by the Carpathian Mountains,
the Danube and the Black Sea. Romania lies between 43 37 07 and
48 15 06 Latitude North and 20 15 44 and 29 41 24 Longitude East.
Parallel 45 (midway between the Equator and the North Pole) crosses
Romania 70 km north of its capital and meridian 25 Longitude East
(midway between the Atlantic coast and the Urals) runs 90 km west
Romanian climate is temperate, cold, and cloudy winters with frequent
snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms.
Average annual precipitation is about 635 mm and ranges from more
than 1,270 mm in the mountainous areas to less than 400 mm in Dobruja
and the Danube Delta. Most rain falls in late spring and early summer,
late autumn and winter are the driest periods.
The average temperature is between -3º and -5ºC in January
and 22º to 24º C in July. Significantly cooler temperatures
prevail at all s easons in the mountains. The warmest areas in summer
are the Walachian plain and Dobruja in the south.