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Russia Introduction

Russia is the worlds largest country in area. It is almost twice as big as Canada, the second largest country. From 1922 until 1991, Russia was the biggest republic in the Soviet Union, the most powerful Communist country in the world.

In the 1980s, many of the union republics began making strong demands for greater control of their own affairs or for independence.

Independence moves by the republics gained strength after a failed coup in 1991. In that year, the Soviet Union broke apart, and Russia began to set up a new political, legal, and economic system.

A Short Background

The defeat of the Russian Empire in World War I led to the seizure of power by the communists and the formation of the USSR. The brutal rule of Josef STALIN (1924-53) strengthened Russian dominance of the Soviet Union at a cost of tens of millions of lives.

The Soviet economy and society stagnated in the following decades until General Secretary Mikhail GORBACHEV (1985-91) introduced glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) in an attempt to modernize communism, but his initiatives inadvertently released forces that by December 1991 splintered the USSR into 15 independent republics.

Since then, Russia has struggled in its efforts to build a democratic political system and market economy to replace the strict social, political, and economic controls of the communist period.

1UpTravel's Guide to Russia

Topography of Russia - Read more about the geography and topography of Russia

History of Russia - Presents a detailed historical background and culture of Russia

Life & People of Russia - Study the characteristics, background, and details on the people of Russia

Local Cuisine of Russia - Find out delicious local cuisines of Russia

Holidays in Russia - Check out a list of the local holidays in Russia

Festivals in Russia - Learn about the festivals in Russia

Embassies of Russia - Provides an Embassy database for Russia

Administration facts of Russia - Learn about the governmental administration facts of Russia

Newstands in Russia - Browse through a collection of local online newspapers of Russia

Attractions in Russia - Discover the best places to visit, sight seeing, and tourist attractions in Russia

Maps of Russia - Discover a detailed map of Russia

Map Database of Russia - Browse a large collection of city, country, historical, political, thematic, and shaded relief maps of Russia

Flags of Russia - Uncover the flag images and description of the flag of Russia. Includes historical flags, symbols, and related information

Weather for cities of Russia - Browse weather forecast, hourly conditions, temperature, sunrise, sunset, and other weather related reports for the cities of Russia

Shopping in Russia - Find out the best places for shopping in Russia

Restaurants in Russia - Browse a list of eat-outs in Russia

Geography of Russia - Highlights the location, map references, area, land boundaries, climate, natural resources, land use, natural hazards, environment, and geography of Russia

People of Russia - Learn about the population, age structure, birth and death rate, sex ratio, nationality, ethnic groups, religions, languages, and literacy in Russia

Government and Politics in Russia - Profiles the country name, government type, administrative divisions, independence, national holiday, constitution, legal system, suffrage, executive, legislative, and judicial branches, political parties and leaders, and a flag description of Russia.

Economy of Russia - Study the GDP, growth rate, per capita, inflation, labor, budget, industries, exports, imports, currency, exchange rates, and economy of Russia

Communications in Russia - Browse statistics on telephones, mobile and cellular lines in use, radio broadcast stations, televisions, internet country code, ISP's, internet users, and facts on communications in Russia

Transportation in Russia - Offers statistical details on the railways, highways, waterways, ports & harbors, airports, and other facts on transportation in Russia

Military of Russia - Provides statistics on military branches, army, air force, navy, manpower, military service, expenditure, and facts on military in Russia

Transnational Issues of Russia - Explore international disputes and transnational issues of Russia


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