Around the year 1200 B.C and by the year 800s, the Balkan or also
known as the Salve were settled here. During the year 1237, the
Mongol Empire invaded and ruled Russia, for over 200 years, until
a long line of Russian czars began their reign.
By the early 1900s,revolutionary groups have emerged, and in the
year 1917, a group called the Bolsheviks led a revolution under
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. Czar Nicholas II was killed, and Lenin set
up a communist government, forming the Union of the Soviet Socialist
Republics ( U.S.S.R )
Lenins successor, Joseph Stalin, ruled by terror from 1929
until 1953.He was followed by less oppressive leaders such as Khrushchev,
Brezhnev and Kosygin. During the year 1940s to the 1980s known as
the Cold War was often referred to a period of distrust between
the communist countries in the east.
When Mikhail Gorbachev became president in the 1980s, he introduced
reforms that gave the people greater freedom. At this time, some
republics began to demand independence by the year 1990s; most of
the republics were part of a Commonwealth of Independent States.
Boris Yelstin became Russias new president.
During the Soviet period it was institutions more than individuals
that shaped the arts in Russia. Consequently, museums, libraries,
and theaters played a major part in the country's artistic life
and they continue to be important in post-Soviet Russia.