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1UpTravel - Geography Info and Facts of Countries : . - Myanmar (Burma)


Myanmar (Burma) Geography and Facts

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand

Geographic coordinates: 22 00 N, 98 00 E

Map references: Southeast Asia

Area:
total: 678,500 sq km
land: 657,740 sq km
water: 20,760 sq km

Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 5,876 km
border countries: Bangladesh 193 km, China 2,185 km, India 1,463 km, Laos 235 km, Thailand 1,800 km

Coastline: 1,930 km

Maritime claims:
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April)

Terrain: central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Andaman Sea 0 m
highest point: Hkakabo Razi 5,881 m

Natural resources: petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, some marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower

Land use:
arable land: 15%
permanent crops: 1%
permanent pastures: 1%
forests and woodland: 49%
other: 34% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 10,680 sq km (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides common during rainy season (June to September); periodic droughts

Environment - current issues: deforestation; industrial pollution of air, soil, and water; inadequate sanitation and water treatment contribute to disease

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note: strategic location near major Indian Ocean shipping lanes


Geography
The diamond-shaped Myanmar is situated in Southeast Asia, with an area of 676,577 square kilometres. It is bordered by China, Laos and Thailand in the east, and by Bangladesh, India and the Indian Ocean in the south and west.

A land of hills and valleys which are covered by subtropical forests, it is protected by a horseshoe of mountains in the north, east and west, creating profound climatic effects.

Enclosed within the mountain barrier are the flat lands and valleys where most of the country's agricultural activities and population are centred.


Climate
Myanmar has a monsoon climate with three main seasons, which varies from region to region due to the country's diverse geography.

Summer is from February through May with the hottest period in April and May when temperatures can reach about 43C in central Myanmar, 36.1C in Northern Myanmar and between 29.4C and 35C on the Shan Plateau.

Rainy season starts from May and lasts until October. The best time to visit Myanmar is in the winter season (November to February) as it is cool and dry.

The coolest month is January where the temperature falls to 16C - in the highlands of over 3,000 feet, temperature can drop below OC. Extremes of temperature are rare.


Myanmar or Burma is a country in Southeast Asia. It lies along the Bay of Bengal. Mountains border Burma on the west, north, and east. They enclose the Irrawaddy River Valley.

The Irrawaddy River empties into the Bay of Bengal through many mouths, forming a large delta.

Rangoon, Burma's capital and largest city, lies on this delta.

Despite multiparty elections in 1990 that resulted in the main opposition party winning a decisive victory, the military junta ruling the country refused to hand over power.

Key opposition leader and Nobel Peace Prize recipient AUNG San Suu Kyi, under house arrest from 1989 to 1995, continues to have her activities restricted; her supporters are routinely harassed or jailed.



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