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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Mongolia Life

The population of Mongolia (1997 estimate) is 2,538,211, 75 percent of whom are Khalkha Mongols. Other groups are Buryat Mongols and Kazaks. Many people speak Mongolian, an Altaic language, although Russian was formerly taught in the schools.

The Mongolian language is one of the Altaic languages. Khalkha Mongolian is the official language. Kazak is spoken by 5% of the population. There are also many Mongolian dialects.

The traditional faith in Mongolia is Lamaist Buddhism, which the Communist government began suppressing in 1929. In 1992 the country adopted a democratic constitution that established the separation of church and state. Some monasteries have since reopened, and Buddhists are again openly practicing their faith. As a result of the years of government suppression of religion, however, many Mongolians are now thought to be nonreligious or atheistic.


Acknowledgements: ASIATRAVELMART.COM

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