Mongolia is situated, Central Asian nation bounded by Russia and
China. It has a total area of 1,566,500 sq. km (604,830-sq. mi).
The capital and largest city is Ulaanbaatar.
Mongolia is an arid plateau region with mountains in the north and
the Gobi dominates west, its center and southeast.
Temperatures are very cold in winter and warm to hot in summer.
Annual rainfall seldom exceeds 380 mm (15 in) in the mountains and
125 mm (5 in) in the desert. Mongolia's primary resources are its
stock-raising prairies, its fur trade, and its mostly unexploited
Mongolia's climate is harsh, with temperatures ranging in winter
from a high of -21° C (-5° F) to a low of -30° C (-22° F) and in
summer between 10° and 27° C (50° and 80° F).
Winters are dry, and summer rainfall seldom exceeds 380 mm (15 in)
in the mountains and 125 mm (5 in) in the desert.