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Travel & Tourism . Tourist Guide to the Country

Saudi Arabia Geography




Saudi Arabia    Geography Top of Page
Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen
Geographic coordinates: 25 00 N, 45 00 E
Map references: Middle East
Area: total:  1,960,582 sq km

land:  1,960,582 sq km

water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly more than one-fifth the size of the US
Land boundaries: total:  4,415 km

border countries:  Iraq 814 km, Jordan 728 km, Kuwait 222 km, Oman 676 km, Qatar 60 km, UAE 457 km, Yemen 1,458 km
Coastline: 2,640 km
Maritime claims: contiguous zone:  18 NM

continental shelf:  not specified

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: harsh, dry desert with great extremes of temperature
Terrain: mostly uninhabited, sandy desert
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point:  Jabal Sawda' 3,133 m
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper
Land use: arable land:  2%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  56%

forests and woodland:  1%

other:  41% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 4,350 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: frequent sand and dust storms
Environment - current issues: desertification; depletion of underground water resources; the lack of perennial rivers or permanent water bodies has prompted the development of extensive seawater desalination facilities; coastal pollution from oil spills
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified:  none of the selected agreements
Geography - note: extensive coastlines on Persian Gulf and Red Sea provide great leverage on shipping (especially crude oil) through Persian Gulf and Suez Canal

 

Countryfacts Information Courtesy: CIA Worldbook








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