The population of Saudi Arabia is composed mainly 82 % of Arabs
whose ancestors have lived in the area for many centuries. A substantial
minority of 13% consists of Yemenis and other Arabs who came to
Saudi Arabia after the 1950s because of the economic opportunities
the country afforded. Nomads, known as Bedouins, make up a declining
proportion of the population, and the number of settled residents
has also decreased.
The national language is the Arabic language, however English is
widely spoken in business circles.
The majority of Saudi Arabians are Sunni Muslim, but Shia Muslims
predominate in the Eastern Province.